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Did you know babies and children can get urinary tract infections?

girl in pain

What is a urinary tract infection?

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common bacterial infections that can occur at any age.

The urinary tract includes kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra.

The infection can occur anywhere within the urinary tract. The bacteria often enter the system through the urethra.

UTI Symptoms by Age

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  • less than 5 years old button
    Children under 5
  • 5 years old or older button
    Children 5 or older

Children Younger Than 5

Children 5 or Older

The following are major symptoms found in children with UTIs.

Symptoms Other Parents Saw

When to seek care

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When to seek emergency care

You should seek emergency care if your child has any of the following symptoms:

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Is less than 3 months old and has a fever

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Has not peed in over 8 hours

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Is vomiting

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Is very sleepy and difficult to wake up

When to visit your doctor or health care provider

You should visit your doctor or health care provider if your child has:


pain when peeing


red, brown, or cloudy pee

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smelly pee


UTI symptoms can be non-specific and vague.

urine test scene

It can be hard to tell if your child has a UTI, and some tests are needed to confirm a diagnosis.

If you think your child has a UTI, it’s important to consult a doctor right away.

Delays in treating UTIs may lead to more problems.

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UTIs are treated with antibiotics. Always follow your health care provider's instructions, and always finish all the antibiotics prescribed.

call doctor scene

If your child is still showing symptoms 2 days after receiving medical care and being treated with antibiotics, you should return to your healthcare provider.

Tips to help manage your child's symptoms and prevent UTIs:

Useful Links

Learn more about urinary tract infections

MyHealth Alberta - UTI in Children

This site was built by the Alberta Government and Alberta Health Services to give Albertans one place to go for health information they can trust.

HealthLink BC - UTI in Children

Medically-approved information on over 5000 health topics, symptoms, medical tests, medications, and tips for healthy eating and lifestyle choices.

Need health advice? Telephone health advice is available in many Provinces and Territories.

Click on your location to find out where you can get help. You will be directed to your Provincial or Territorial health website for the most up to date telehealth information in your area.